essay on the importance of coal


  • Coal is a critical non-renewable source which assumes a significant part in the advancement of our nation. Around 6Q% of our business vitality is accessible from coal and lignite. 

  • Coal is essentially an extensive scope of strong fossil fuel got from halfway debasement of plants under high weight. There are essentially four sorts of coal basing on their carbon content, (an) Anthracite (b) Bituminous (c) Lignite and (d) Peat. 

  • Anthracite sort of coal is thought to be the best as it contains 82% carbon. Beside it is bituminous sort whose carbon substance is 40%-60%. The peat is the slightest created from the coal. 

  • The evaluated coal stores of India up to January, 1990 are 18,604 crore tones and three-fourths of them are kept to Bihar-West Bengal-Orissa coal belt in eastern India. 

  • Significant sorts of coal with its carbon content 

  • Sorts of 

  • coal 

  • Altered 

  • carbon 

  • Unpredictable 

  • matter 

  • Dampness 

  • Fiery debris 

  • Scope of 

  • mating esteem 

  • (Bitu-pound) 

  • Anthracite 

  • 82 




  • 13,000-16,000 

  • Bituminous 

  • 66 

  • 20 


  • 12 

  • 11,000-15.000 

  • Sub bituminous 

  • 40 

  • 32 

  • 19 


  • 8.000-12,000 

  • Lignite 

  • 30 

  • 28 

  • 37 


  • 5,5000-5.000 

  • (These qualities may fluctuate impressively with the wellspring of coal.) 

  • The significant coal fields of the nation are Raniganj, Jharia, Giridih, East Bokaro, West Bokaro, Singrauli, and Talcher. Alternate coalfields are found in the Godavari valleys, Chhattisgarh, Deoghar, Korba and so forth. Bihar is bested in the rundown of coal stores and beside it, is Orissa and West Bengal. 

  • Statewide appropriation of coal hold coal (rough esteem) 

  • Sl. No. 

  • State 

  • Hold Esteem in Crore Tons 


  • Andhra Pradesh 

  • 1060 


  • Arunachal Pradesh 



  • Assam 

  • 29 


  • Bihar 

  • 6116 


  • Madhya Pradesh 

  • 3265 


  • Maharashtra 

  • 555 


  • Meghalaya 

  • 46 


  • Nagaland 

  • 20 


  • Orissa 

  • 4226 

  • 10 

  • Uttar Pradesh 

  • 106 

  • 11 

  • West Bengal 

  • 2990 

  • Add up to 

  • 18422 

  • (The qualities are surmised) Coal mining in India initially began at Raniganj (West Bengal) in 1774. After that there is a quick increment in coal creation. From 3.2 crore tones in 1950, it is expanded to 19.45 crore tones in 1988-89 and encourage expanded up to 20.70 crore tones. India has created just 3 for every penny of the aggregate world coal generation and involved ninth position on the planet list. The created nations like U.S.A., U.K., Germany and Russia have much higher rate of generation. 

  • Real usage of coal in India is in businesses and the railroads. Just the Indian Railroads expend 31% of our aggregate coal creation. The iron and steel ventures use another 19%. Henceforth 50% of the India's aggregate coal creation is devoured by these two. 

  • Next, warm power plants use 11 % of the coal while different ventures like cotton, bond, jute, substantial designing, chemicals and so forth utilize just 12%. Coal is additionally utilized as a part of the houses for cooking. In any case, its rate is extremely unimportant. 

  • Presently smokeless coal cakes are accessible for local utilize. With quick industrialization and warm power generation, the utilization of coal is expanding quickly. It is evaluated that if the present pattern is proceeded with, India's aggregate coal stores will last an additional 150 years, best case scenario. Coal is a squandering and basic regular asset. So logical mining with legitimate administration of usage of coal is required. Keeping this thing in view, the Legislature of India has set up the National Coal Improvement Enterprise. 

  • Another viewpoint is the issue of contamination. Additional blazing of coal will discharge more smokes, corn meal, tidies and the outcome is more air contamination. Thus measures ought to be taken to avert it. 

  • Expansion to power era limit. (Megawatt) 

  • Warm 

  • Hydro 

  • Atomic 

  • Add up to 

  • 1985-86 

  • 2977 

  • 1011 

  • 23 

  • 4223 

  • 1986-87 

  • 1920 

  • 7043 


  • 2624.5 

  • 1987-88 

  • 3912.1 

  • 1069.34 


  • 4981.44 

  • 1988-89 

  • 4117.1 

  • 532.7 

  • 235 

  • 4885.2

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